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The medieval royal hunting lodge of the 12th century was rebuilt and enlarged
during the Renaissance, by King François I, in the 16th century, into the present palace.
The kings Philip IV the Fair, Henry III and Louis XIII were born at the palace.
In 1685 the Edict of Fontainebleau, by Louis XIV, revoked the Edict of Nantes (1598) which had
defined the rights of the French Protestants (Huguenots).
The palace was one of the favorite residences of Napoleon where he signed his first abdication